A. Bhutto for the Simla talks in 1972. Benazir Bhutto: My hope is really for a world of peace that provides people opportunities to prosper. One has to take it, I learned that right after my first election. Benazir Bhutto: In life there are challenges, but I think leadership is very much predicated on the capacity to absorb defeat and overcome it. Benazir Bhutto’s father was the politician Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, who was the leader of Pakistan from 1971 until 1977, when he was overthrown by the military. Now I realize that you have to listen to people and what they are saying we ought to be doing, because that’s the feedback. So she started behaving differently and we thought it’s because she’s had this serious illness, and she’s reflecting on how to lead her life. Benazir Bhutto: Yes. And they were coming on the streets to have him freed, and he’d have them whiplashed or hanged, and I thought they all did so much and he did so much, and how can we let the dictator win and let all this blood go to waste? The PPP was a Bhutto family creation, founded by Benazir’s father and inherited by her. According to her date of birth, Fatima Bhutto age is 29 years. Benazir Bhutto was compelled to join politics when her prime minister father, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, was ousted in a military coup, jailed and executed. And there was a lot of hue and cry against the population program, but we did it by recruiting 50,000 women from different villages, and training them in three-month installments. First they would train for three months. The need to change, to bring about change. After completing her undergraduate degree at Radcliffe she studied at England’s Oxford University, where she was awarded a second degree in 1977. I remember once we came to England. BSF detects underground tunnel in J&K's Kathua; Is Pakistan trying to infiltrate India. At age 35, Benazir Bhutto was one of the youngest chiefs of state in the world. It was really — I felt powerful. That never happened in other homes, and I should have asked my father when I had the chance, but he enabled me to appreciate that a woman is not a lesser creature. So I also tried to be very aggressive and warmongering in my second term to try and co-opt my opposition. It was the time of McGovern running, and President Nixon’s resignation. Weeks before a national election in which Benazir Bhutto and her party were expected to prevail, she was assassinated by a suicide bomber. And my mother, she used to be a working woman herself, she joined the National Guards. Otherwise we never have the time. I feel that life is like — or society is like — a canvas, and that if we get office you are given an opportunity to paint it. It was a very different world then. But it’s ambiguous, because while people want me, they have reservations. His daughter — and Schofield — fought for his life. She was a captain in the National Guards. And he fell very ill, so my mother took him — he was again shoeless and backless — and my mother took him inside the house and said, you know, “What do you want, or whatever, to make you feel better?” And I remember he wanted a Coca-Cola. First I did it for democracy, because that was my father’s agenda and it was also mine as a youth. Her husband is not a Bhutto, and has no legitimacy, while her children are too young. Her father, Prime Minister Ali Bhutto, was imprisoned and eventually executed. Benazir Bhutto once quoted to have said, ‘‘I have led an unusual life. | India Development Debate, CM Mamata Banerjee vows to contest from Suvendu Adhikari's constituency I The Newshour Agenda, Protesting farmers prep for a mega tractor rally, but SC reiterates? I tried to placate even the clerics originally. Now things are much leaner and meaner. How do you deal with that kind of resistance? The second thing is on a more personal level. We’ve enjoyed talking to you. He was clinging to the car, and I always felt, after that, that perhaps people need to have their dignity and to die in peace rather than to be taken to strange clinics. I see a bit of that age come back in the sense of the environmental issues which are getting important, but less in issues of sacrificing yourself for the larger community. They said, “We want you.” Now, as the situation is spiraling out of control more and more, people are saying, “But you’re the only national figure. How much can you do, and how much are you losing? Benazir Bhutto: I was the eldest, and I had a great sense of responsibility. Her father, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto was a barrister and great politician of Pakistan, who served as … After a campaign rally in Rawalpindi, a gunman fired at her car before detonating a bomb, killing himself and more than 20 bystanders. When I look back on my life, I think of the different stages when we were so raw and naive, before we realized how things work. Because on the road to success there will be setbacks, and there are those who give up, and those who say that, “No, we are going to go on.” So it’s that capacity to absorb a failure. They used to have these gas pipes, and I was always a very curious child and they told me, “Don’t touch those pipes.” And I went and touched them and opened it up and my parents came back just in time because I nearly poisoned the whole household. Now I think it’s more an age of the individual comes first. Bhutto’s husband was imprisoned, and once again, she was forced to leave her homeland. I was fascinated with literature. I have buried a father martyred at the age 50 and two brothers killed in the prime age of their lives. Young Benazir too was repeatedly arrested, then imprisoned, and finally forced into exile, but she never abandoned the hope of restoring democracy to her homeland. She should be killed! You put those down and you look at it and you say, “Well okay, the gains are so much; if this is the price that has to be paid, let’s pay it.”. But my mother got sick and actually she had lung cancer, but we didn’t know she was getting Alzheimer’s. Each time one is in trouble or hits rock bottom, it’s a time for reflection. He was very much against the status quo, so he was always telling us that it is wrong, that there should be people in such abject poverty, unable to feed their children. Asif Ali Zardari was released from prison in 2004 and rejoined his family in London. In the wake of her death, rioting erupted throughout the country. I had experience in Pakistan and in America, and I had seen it succeed. Are there other women leaders in Pakistan today who could be your successor? I fear that the international community lacks a mechanism for conflict prevention or being in a position to end the conflict. I remember when I was overthrown in ’97 and things were very bad in the press. Now I think it’s not a man’s world anymore but in those days it was supposed to be. Wide of security inside airport 3. She was the first woman in Karachi to own a car and to drive, and people used to talk about her because they said, you know, “We’re not supposed to drive cars.” But when I look back on it, it was my mother who taught that a woman grew up to be married and to have children, and she would tell my father in front of me, “Why do you want to educate her? Anti-Zia demonstrations resumed and Benazir Bhutto returned to Pakistan in April 1986. SHOTLISTKarachi 1. Were there other influences or inspirations in your early life? His horse who was frightened; he tamed the horse because he understood it was the shadow that frightened the horse. And don’t be afraid. I think in retrospect it was wrong because I did not co-opt them and I alienated some of my own supporters. If it was just power, how could one — politics is an obsession. Indira Ghandi was a very powerful leader. The video has garnered nearly 2 lac views so far. Pakistan's first woman prime minister, Benazir Bhutto, was a trailblazer who faced many trials and tribulations in her political career. There were two moments, let us say, when it happened. Only two years into her first term, President Ghulam Ishaq Khan dismissed Bhutto from office. At age 16 she left her homeland to study at Harvard’s Radcliffe College. Then he was unjustly hanged by a military dictator. The gap between the rich and the poor was greater, too. The loss of the country’s most popular democratic leader plunged Pakistan into turmoil, intensifying the dangerous instability of a nuclear-armed nation in a highly volatile region. Benazir Bhutto remembers her last meeting with her father, and the misery of a 'countdown' to death. Through wrong decisions. So it was really at that time a sense of vindicating them rather than having my own agenda. I did believe in democracy but later on I developed an independent agenda of my own. You came to America to go to college. Somebody needs to take time out to organize the party. For nine years, she and her children lived in exile in London, where she continued to advocate the restoration of democracy in Pakistan. How do you deal with that? The PML-N leader said that Benazir Bhutto had to lay down her life during her struggle. He loved reading books and he’d make sure that I bought books and he’d buy me books. The second thing was the love of ordinary people. By making right decisions. When her brother Shahnawaz died in 1985, she traveled to Pakistan for his burial, and was again arrested for participating in anti-government rallies. I want my daughter to have the same opportunities.”, Benazir Bhutto: I really don’t know, because I never had a chance to ask him. We all knew kickbacks must be taken. I think it is very, very important to have ideals, because when one has ideals one thinks the suffering is worth it. So if it was just power I think it would be very empty. I said, “Why can’t we change our presidents?” because I saw Watergate happening and President Nixon being impeached. It’s not easy because the other side has to respond too. Benazir Bhutto takes over the leadership of the party of Pakistan’s Peoples Party (PPP) after the military takeover toppled the government of her father, after that she won the election of 1988 and became the first female Prime Minister of Pakistan and gave the message to the world of Muslim nation that a woman can also run the government. Within months he was jailed over a murder case and sentenced to hang by General Zia-ul-Haq. They were protesting it and I found that if you didn’t like something you could do something about it. Mrs. Bandaranaike in Sri Lanka had been the first woman prime minister. Be ready to pay that price and you can contribute to the welfare of society, and society will acknowledge you and respect you for it. Benazir Bhutto: It was a victory for women everywhere. This is quite frustrating for me because I have had exposure to the other world and I understand that it has to be done differently. The author, who on that first visit to Pakistan also reported for You can’t even think about politics without having a law degree or a medicine degree or engineering, some degree.” So I temper their enthusiasm. In 1977, Benazir Bhutto’s last year at Oxford, the Prime Minister was removed from office when the military took over the government in a coup d’etat. But I realized you wake up later, and your critics are still around and you still have to factor them in. So I feel a great empathy now when there is a rediscovering of the way — of how people should be allowed to pass away. Benazir Bhutto was born into one of South Asia's great political dynasties, Pakistan's equivalent of the Nehru/Gandhi dynasty in India.Her father was president of Pakistan from 1971 to 1973, and Prime Minister from 1973 to 1977; his father, in turn, was prime minister of a princely state before independence and the Partition of India. Engagement ceremony of Bakhtawar Bhutto-Zardari, elder daughter of slain former prime minister Benazir Bhutto and former president Asif Ali Zardari, took place at Bilawal House on November 27. They say in politics there will be the appointed and the disappointed. In the process, she was subjected to repeated detentions, intimidation, coercion as well as physical and mental hardships to abandon her struggle. I was very studious. Everyone is looking towards America, and the American people have their own problems. And he was very sick and my mother wanted to send him to the doctor, and I remember he didn’t want to go to the doctor. Benazir Bhutto: Ethnic and religious violence. The love was so much that it was enriching. Don’t be afraid.”. I had lived through this era of military dictatorship when the press would write all sorts of things and it would be water off the duck’s back. A military coup drove her from the country yet again, but after more than eight years in exile, Bhutto returned to Pakistan in 2007. I wanted to have my own newspaper. Following the ceremony, Bakhtawar shared a picture of herself and her fiance Mahmood Choudhry, along with a portrait of her late mother Benazir Bhutto in the background. I was very, very studious. In these circumstances, Benazir Bhutto returned to her country immediately, to support her family and the Pakistan People’s Party. More than that, she was the first woman ever to serve as prime minister of an Islamic country, but the road that brought her to power had already led through exile, imprisonment and devastating personal tragedy. They see politicians all the time. How much are you gaining? You know, Massachusetts was the only state that voted for McGovern, so it showed how idealistic we were compared to the rest of the world. So from that moment I realized that God is always with one, so what gave me the faith and sustenance was my belief that God places a burden on people to bear and He places only that burden which they can bear. I tell them, “Wait a minute. You had your whole life and look at the terror under which we have lived.” So he said, “I set you free. Benazir Bhutto’s Parents – Zulfikar Ali Bhutto & Begum Nusrat Ispahani. When there were these demands, I did make an information act, but didn’t follow it through, so I wish I had given more freedom of information. On the eve of Benazir’s graduation, her father, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, then prime minister, wrote to her that the ‘raw and ruthless life outside the gates of university awaits you’. I heard the Prime Minister of Ireland say, “Even if you have an idea, let the other person think it’s their idea,” and he was so right. I remember a very dear friend of mine in college years, who I have hardly seen since, Wendy Lesser. Benazir Bhutto: I’d tell them, “If you believe in something, go for it, but know that when you go for it there’s a price to be paid. There would be people saying, “Women are second class citizens, women don’t have the same rights as men, and how can you think that people will elect you?” My father would say, “My daughter will be making me more proud.” I always felt that I could become prime minister if I wanted to. I would certainly work towards it if life and fate and my people gave me that opportunity. I mean, the ordinary things, in the heat of the summer where you can open the fridge and take — nothing. India had its first glimpse of Benazir Bhutto as a teenager when she accompanied her father and then prime minister of Pakistan, Z. She should be assassinated! I couldn’t read newspapers. Her husband Asif Ali Zardari and three children two daughters Aseefa and Bakhtawar, son Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, her sister Sanam attended the burial. degree in comparative government. I would really realize that when I won, and I got so many letters from other Muslim women, and more than that, from women within my own country who felt that it was now decent to work. Following her father’s execution, Benazir Bhutto was placed under house arrest by the government, where she remained for the next few years. And suddenly I found that since mommy was away and the whole party was about to collapse unless I was there, so I started looking after the party at that stage. So I was very much into saving the world. And I remember the parrot fluttering and I can’t bear to see blood to this day or killing. There’s a price you pay for change. In the autumn of 2007, in the face of death threats from radical Islamists, and the hostility of the government, Benazir Bhutto and her husband returned to their native country. The Pakistani public was shocked by this turn of events, and PPP supporters were divided over the charges against Zardari. Following in her father's footsteps as a pillar for democracy, Bhutto was expected to dominate Pakistan's 2008 elections but the … Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto was a Pakistani politician who chaired the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP), a centre-left political party in Pakistan. And also my nuns. The base of women who can win elections to parliament is too small, but former Primer Minister Nawaz Sharif’s wife has also started politicking, which is really a vindication for us, because they used to be very much against women coming out into the political field. But how do you come to the right decisions? Benazir’s mausoleum, where she was buried next to her father, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, was seen teeming with PPP supporters. Was it the execution of your father that changed that? Murtaza Bhutto is the brother of Benazir Bhutto ex-prime minister of Pakistan and the son of great Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto. While in office, she brought electricity to the countryside and built schools all over the country. And he’d take us — we were landowners, large landowners — and he would take us to the lands and he would tell me, “Look at the way these people sweat in the heat and in the sun in the fields, and it is because of their sweat that you will have the opportunity to be educated, and you have a debt to these people, because they weren’t born to sweat like this. Or your son could become prime minister. We’ve always been hounded, or we’re governing. It was very inspirational and motivational that one could conquer the moon and the stars if one reached out. I remember starting out with King Alfred of England, and the cakes that he burned when he got lost and was taken in and given refuge. Benazir Bhutto was born June 21, 1953, in Karachi, SE Pakistan, the eldest child of former premier Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. So suddenly I thought, “I’m not alone.”  Even if the press, the government, everything was after me. That generation that grew up in the last decade, used to seeing me as prime minister or as leader of the opposition, has now seen Wajed winning in Bangladesh and Mrs. Çiller in Turkey, and other Muslim countries, this has had an impact on the Muslim world. Bhutto’s father, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, served as President of Pakistan from 1971 to 1973, and then as Prime Minister from 1973 to 1977, founding the incredibly influential Pakistan People’s Party (PPP). So for them being in politics is natural and they play games about who is going to be prime minister. Of the 12 years I’ve been married, my husband has been behind bars for seven, so I say, “How is it life?” Again we are in politics, and the children won’t have the mother or the father, and my son is now 12. I mean, not just for you or for Pakistan but in the world as we start our way through the 21st Century? I’d go to other people’s homes, and I remember a friend of mine — they couldn’t eat food until the brothers had finished, and the leftovers would be given to the daughters. Benazir Bhutto was born June 21, 1953, in Karachi, SE Pakistan, the eldest child of former premier Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. Within months he was jailed over a murder case and sentenced to hang by General Zia-ul-Haq. I think idealism is very important. Well, thank you for giving us this opportunity. If a young person came to you who wanted to live a life of activism, a political life, what would your advice be to them? But I think we need to also make it easier for women to win elections in Pakistan, and that’s why we have proposed affirmative action: a kind of list system where, on the basis of votes that each party gets, they can then list about 25 percent or 33 percent women to bring more women into parliament. Bhutto was rushed to the hospital but soon succumbed to injuries suffered in the attack. The world is changing, and I think that in the new global century you can have a career without being in government. I’m very much against war and conflict and the taking of life, and I think that seeing that little bird — green and beautiful and living and chirping in the tree, and then falling down dead — did have a profound effect. The party leadership agreed that his father, Asif Ali Zardari, would serve as acting chairman of the party until Bilawal completed his studies in England. According to reports, the gala ceremony was attended by 100-150 guests, including Bakhtawar's father, Asif Ali Zardari, who was admitted to a hospital in October. Mid shot of flight information board4. Netizens took note of it after she shared another picture with the caption: "Can you spot my mother on my shawl.". Now everybody drinks Coke, but in those days it was difficult to get a Coke, and that was his wish. Mir Murtaza died when his bodyguard became involved in a gunfight with police in Karachi. 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