By pledging allegiance to Muhammad, the Sahabah had committed themselves to the service of God. The term “Sufism” is derived from Arabic suf, and means “wool,” which refers to the plain wool worn by the early Sufis (“wool-clad”). It is popular among the Muslims of South India. Every age of the world has seen awakened souls, and as it is impossible to limit wisdom to any one period or place, so it is impossible to date the origin of Sufism. Origin of Sufism: It is generally believed that Sufism is derived from two Arabic words i.e. Sufism existed as an individual inner practice of Muslims since early Islamic history. Baha-ud-Din Naqshband (1318-1389) of Turkestan founded Naqshbandi order of Sufism. The Suhrawardiyyah order of Sufism gained popularity in Bengal. According to Ibn Khaldun Sufism was already practiced by the Sahaba, but with the spread of material tendencies, the term Sufi was just applied to those who emphasize the s… Though commonly mistaken for a Moslem sect, the Sufis are at home in all religions: just as the "Free and Accepted Masons" lay before them in their Lodge whatever sacred book—whether Bible, Koran, or Torah—is accepted by the temporal State. One of the first to return to Europe as an official representative of a Sufi order, and with the specific purpose to spread Sufism in Western Europe, was the Ivan Aguéli. Currently active Sufi academics and publishers include Llewellyn Vaughan-Lee, Nuh Ha Mim Keller, Abdullah Nooruddeen Durkee, Abdal Hakim Murad, Syed Waheed Ashraf and the Franco-Moroccan Faouzi Skali. The germ of Sufism is said to have existed from the beginning of the human creation, for wisdom is the heritage of all; therefore no one person can be said to be its propounder. Victor Danner - "The Islamic Tradition: An introduction." Sufism has gained an Oriental flavor from having been so long protected by Islam, but the natural Sufi may be as common in the West as in the East, and may come dressed as a general, a peasant, a merchant, a lawyer, a schoolmaster, a housewife, anything. [12] With Ibn Masarra there was a “brief flowering”[13] of Sufism in Spain, and later Spanish Sufis reflected his influence on them. A minority is apt to fence itself off from the crowd. It also explains why Sufis will accept some alchemists to have been Sufis, as well as understanding the underlying developmental factors in Rumi's evolutionary philosophy, or Hallaj's 'Christianity'; why, indeed, Jesus is said to stand, in a sense, at the head of the Sufis. Even though Sufi Saints had existed even before Prophet Muhammad, they were not known or recognised as Sufis at that that time. The world has called them Zoroastrian, Christian, Jewish, or Islamic mystics, and the followers of each religion have claimed them as their own. [9] Others give exclusive credit to the influence of eastern mystics, most often including al-Ghazali's thoughts and teachings. The wise, whatever their faith, have always been able to meet each other beyond those boundaries of external forms and conventions, which are natural and necessary to human life, but which none the less separate humanity. He synthesised the disciplines of the three major Sufi orders namely Qadari, Chisti and Naqshbandi with a view to unite the Muslim society against the Hindus. Sufism already had a long history when some teachers began to set up formal schools or orders (Tarika or Tariqah) in the early Middle Ages. February 1988. Sofi is used to designate the followers of Sufism, particularly by speakers of Persian and Turkish. When he was instructed by his teacher in 1907 to bring Sufism to the West, he articulated a "message of spiritual liberty" which reflects the universal, inclusive nature of Sufism. The word Sufi comes from a Persian word meaning wisdom. My place is placeless, a traceof the traceless. However Islamic scholars predating the Islamic Golden Age were referred to as Sufis, like Hasan of Basra. "We friends" or "people like us" is how they refer to themselves, and they recognize one another by certain natural gifts, habits, qualities of thought. Other noteworthy Sufi teachers who were active in the West include Bawa Muhaiyaddeen, Inayat Khan, Nazim Al-Haqqani, Javad Nurbakhsh, Bulent Rauf, Irina Tweedie, Idries Shah and Muzaffer Ozak. For other uses, see, Gholamali Haddad Adel, Mohammad Jafar Elmi, Hassan Taromi-Rad, Maribel Fierro, "The Polemic about the 'Karamat al-awaliya' and the Development of Sufism in al-Andalus,", A.M Mohamed Mackeen, "The Early History of Sufism in the Maghrib Prior to Al-Shadhili". pure people who meditated on a carpet. Turuq meet for spiritual sessions referred to as majlis in places known as Zawiyas or tekke. I think the difference most likely arises from the different views of the word’s origin. [2] Some Sufis were not against absorbing ideas from Hinduism for their devotional songs with Sufism playing the primary role as a point of contact between Hinduism and Islam.189 This conversion left many of those who converted via Sufism more Hindu in practice than Muslim.194. Central themes of Ibn 'Arabi's were the unity of all beings, or “wahdat al-wujud,” and also how God reflects God’s self in the world. The first stage of Sufism appeared in pious circles as a reaction against the worldliness of the early Umayyad period (661–749). [47][48] According to William Chittick Sufism can simply be described as "the interiorization, and intensification of Islamic faith and practice. There is another view, however, that traces the pre-Islamic roots of Sufism back through the early Christian mystics of Syria and Egypt, to the Essenes, the ancient Pythagorean orders, and the mystery schools of the Egyptians and Zoroastrians, among others. Centuries later, with the support of Mughal rulers, his shrine became a place of pilgrimage. The essence of this order was insistence on rigid adherence to Sharia and nurturing love for the Prophet. This mystical strand is designated in Arabic by the term tasawwuf, while in Persian the term irfan (gnosis) is also used. [16] Ibn Tufail introduced the element of Sufism into this philosophical way of thinking. [29], Between the 13th and 16th centuries CE, Sufism produced a flourishing intellectual culture throughout the Islamic world, a "Golden Age" whose physical artifacts are still present. Sofi or Sufi. In the medieval Indian environment Sufism was the most interesting aspect of Islam. Not only have there been illuminated souls at all times, but there have been times when a wave of illumination has passed over humanity as a whole. Of them the Chishti order is the most visible. THE ORIGIN OF SUFISM. Sufism is an inner mystical dimension of Islam practiced by different turuq which is a congregation formed around mawla who trace their teachings to Prophet Muhammad. While all this work was being done in the fields of religious sciences, essentially based on jurisprudence, Tradition (Hadith), theology and Qur’anic interpretation, the Sufi masters who concentrated mostly on the pure spiritual dimension of the Muhammadan Truth tried to draw attention to the essence of man’s being, the real nature of existence and the inner dynamics of man and the cosmos, directing attention to the … The Origin of the School of Sufism. [4] The Sufi shine at Ajmer in Rajasthan and Nizamuddin Auliya in Delhi, Ashraf Jahangir Semnani in Kichaucha Shariff belong to this order. [18], A group of Sufi masters who defended the works of theosophists such as Ghazali and al-Qushayri began emerging in the late eleventh and early- to mid-twelfth centuries. But the point of view of the wise differs from that of the simple followers of a religion. History and theology History and theology. The following article is taken from the journal Sufism: An Inquiry.. A majority of scholars believe that the word “Tasawouf” derives from the word “suf”, which means wool. The European historian sometimes traces the history of Sufism by noticing the actual occurrence of this word and by referring only to those schools which have definitely wished to be known by this name. For the pre-modern era, see Vincent J. Cornell. [2], Towards the end of the first millennium CE, a number of manuals began to be written summarizing the doctrines of Sufism and describing some typical Sufi practices. [3] According to the late medieval mystic Jami, Abd-Allah ibn Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah (died c. 716) was the first person to be called a "Sufi".[4]. The Suharawardi order was started by Abu al-Najib Suhrawardi, a Persian Sufi born in Sohrevard near Zanjan in Iran, and brought to India by Baha-ud-din Zakariya of Multan. History of Sufism follows a long period of evolution since the time of the prophet. [25], Not long after the death of Ibn ‘Arabi, al-Andalus experienced a “spiritual aridity”[26] in the mid-fourteenth century. Yet according to Ali el-Hujwiri, an early authoritative Sufi writer, the Prophet Mohammed himself said: "He who hears the voice of the Sufi people and does not say aamin [Amen] is recorded in God's presence as one of the heedless." Sufism is a Muslim movement whose followers seek to find divine truth and love through direct encounters with God. [15], By the twelfth century, shifts towards the acceptance—or at least tolerance—of philosophy and Sufism into what had previously been strictly orthodox beliefs were occurring. [28], Although Sufism would no longer directly be a part of Andalusi life after the Catholic Monarchs expelled Muslims from Spain, in the Spanish Christian mystics of the sixteenth century, such as San Juan de la Cruz and Teresa of Avila, many have seen Sufism's lasting influence in Spain. They have no sacred city, no monastic organization, no religious instruments. Some sources state that Sufism is the inner dimensions of the teachings of Muhammad whereas others say that Sufism emerged during the Islamic Golden Age from about the 8th to 10th centuries. They number some fifty million. Bridging the gulf between the Islamic clerics and Sufis, Wali Ullah infused new vigour in practice of Naqshbandi Sufi order. He came to India from Afghanistan with the army of Shihab-ud-Din Ghuri in 1192 AD and started living permanently in Ajmer from 1195. If they call Islam the "shell" of Sufism, this is because they believe Sufism to be the secret teaching within all religions. Traditionally, it is associated with the advent and development of Islam. Sufism takes away the boundaries which divide different faiths by bringing into full light the underlying wisdom in which they are all united. Some sources state that Sufism is the inner dimensions of the teachings of Muhammad whereas others say that Sufism emerged during the Islamic Golden Age from about the 8th to 10th centuries. Many people began to read and translate the works of philosophers such as Aristotle and Plato. [40][41] Modern academics and scholars,[which?] [35], Sufism is popular in such African countries as Morocco and Senegal, where it is seen as a mystical expression of Islam. Andalusi Sufism was at its peak at this time. It may derive from the word for 'wool' and the woollen garments worn by early Sufis. Turkic conquests in South Asia were accompanied by four Sufi mystics of the Chishtiyya order from Afghanistan: Moinuddin (d. 1233 in Ajmer), Qutbuddin (d. 1236 in Delhi), Nizamuddin (d.1335 in Delhi) and Fariduddin (d.1265 in Pakpattan now in Pakistan) [3]. The following article is taken from the journal Sufism: An Inquiry.. ‘Saf’ and ‘Suf. This is why the interior reality of Sufism (tasawwuf) characterizes the practices of the ascetics of the first generations even though the term ‘Sufism… Sufism arose from within Islam in the … [17] Also at this time, eastern Sufism was developing more as a communal movement, whereas that of the West (including in al-Andalus), it remained largely an individual pursuit. The earliest form of Sufism arose under the Umayyad Dynasty (661-749) less than a century after the founding of Islam. Sufism is the mystical branch of Islam. It was patronized by the Mughal rulers, as its founder was their ancestral Pir (Spiritual guide). [7] Quranic studies and jurisprudence (fiqh) were the accepted and promoted types of scholarship that shaped the region's beliefs and practices. In addition to His innumerable blessings, Allah, glory unto Him has granted human beings a unique quality, an extremely precious and subtle quality at that. Thus the Islamic spiritual life based on asceticism, regular worship, abstention from all major and minor sins, sincerity and purity of intention, love and yearning, and the individual's admission of his or her essential impotence and destitution became the subject matter of Sufism, a new science possessing its own method, principles, rules, and terms. Chopra, R. M., "SUFISM" (Origin, Growth, Eclipse, Resurgence), 2016, Anuradha Prakashan, New Delhi, This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 10:07. The individual is offered a "secret garden" for the growth of his understanding, but never required to become a monk, nun or hermit, like the more conventional mystics; and he thereafter claims to be enlightened by actual experience—"he who tastes, knows"—not by philosophic argument. The Origin of the Word Tasawouf. Two of the most notable are Kashf al-Mahjûb (Revelation of the Veiled) of Hujwiri, and Al-Risala al-Qushayriyya (The Message) of Al-Qushayri. People of the same thought and point of view are drawn to each other with a tendency to form an exclusive circle. Some scholars say Sufism is derived from the word Ahl al-Suffa , or the People of the Bench, which refers to the platform on which the Holy Prophet Muhammad and the believers used to sit while worshipping God. For instance, a Christian would claim that Saint Paul was a Christian and a Muslim that Shams Tabriz was a Muslim. Others use the term Sufi. [34], Muslims of South Asia prominently follow the Chishtiyya, Naqshbandiyyah, Qadiriyyah and Suhrawardiyyah orders. In wisdom is rooted religion, which connotes law and inspiration. However Islamic scholars predating the Islamic Golden Age were referred to as Sufis, like Hasan of Basra. Seyyedeh Dr. Nahid Angha. See Introduction in "Great Sufi Poets of The Punjab" by R. M. Chopra, 1999, Iran Society, Calcutta. No important domain in the civilization of Islam remained unaffected by Sufism in this period. [27] His work helped Sufism become more accepted within the Islamic sciences. Though awareness of this secret quality or instinct can be sharpened by close contact with Sufis of experience, there are no hierarchical degrees among them, only a general undisputed recognition of greater or lesser capacity. Orientalists proposed a variety of origin theories regarding Sufism, such as that it originated as an Aryan response to Semitic influence, Buddhism, Neo-Platonism, and Christian ascetism or Gnosticism. Sufi Practice . In later centuries, especially the twelfth and thirteenth, Sufism became more accepted and somewhat assimilated into Andalusi Islam. It has been revealed more clearly and spread more widely from time to time as the world has evolved. The exact origin of Sufism is disputed. Origin of Sufism The origin of Sufism is difficult to trace, a riddle unsolved. They even dislike being given any inclusive name which might force them into doctrinal conformity. Sufis strive to constantly be aware of God's presence, stressing contemplation over action, spiritual development over legalism, and cultivation of the soul over social interaction. In the fourth century of the hegira, some famous Gnostics defined Sufism as “a reality without form”. All Sufi orders claim a direct chain of leadership to Muhammad, through Ali, with the exception of the Naqshbandis who claim a direct connection to Muhammad through Abu Bakr. Sufism, which is a branch of Islam, teaches the personal and mystical worship, and union with Allah or God.It was formulated in opposition to the formal, legalistic Islamic theology of the ninth century AD. Mystics of this period meditated on the Doomsday passages in the Quran, thereby earning such nicknames as "those who always weep." Chopra, R. M., "SUFISM" (Origin, Growth, Eclipse, Resurgence), 2016, Anuradha Prakashan, New Delhi. The same system of endowments could also be used to pay for a complex of buildings, such as that surrounding the Süleymaniye Mosque in Istanbul, including a lodge for Sufi seekers, a hospice with kitchens where these seekers could serve the poor and/or complete a period of initiation, a library, and other structures. Early fuqaha in Spain were somewhat skeptical of philosophical thought as well as of Sufism. [11] He lived from 883 to 931 and was born outside of Cordoba. Several origins of the word 'sufi' have been suggested. The earliest known theory of conscious evolution is of Sufi origin... Not Christian or Jew or Muslim, not HinduBuddhist, Sufi, or Zen. Sufism as a brother/sisterhood may be traced back as far as the period of Daniel. Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti, a disciple of Khwaja Usman Harooni, the propounder of this order, introduced it in India. however, have rejected early Orientalist theories asserting a non-Islamic origin of Sufism,[42][43][44] Carl Ernst states that the tendency to try and disassociate Islam from Sufism was an attempt by Orientalists to create a divide between what they found attractive within Islamic civilization (i.e. [36] Sufism is traditional in Morocco but has seen a growing revival with the renewal of Sufism around contemporary spiritual teachers such as Sidi Hamza al Qadiri al Boutshishi. Sufi schools have indeed gathered around particular teachers, but there is no graduation and they exist only for the convenience of those who work to perfect their studies by close association with fellow Sufis. In the 20th century some more modernist Muslims have called Sufism a superstitious religion that holds back Islamic achievement in the fields of science and technology.[39]. With the royal patronage of most of the Mughal rulers, the Naqshbandi order caused the revival of Islam in its pure form. Islamic spirituality) and the negative stereotypes of Islam that were present in Britain. "The conquest of India by Babur in 1526 gave considerable impetus to the Naqshbandiyya order" [6]. [5] In addition, the Suhrawardiyyah order, under the leadership of Abu Hafs Umar al-Suhrawardi (d. 1234), also bequeathed a number of teachings and institutions that were influential in shaping other order that emerged during later periods. So it has been with the mystics. In many places, a lodge (known variously as a zaouia, khanqah, or tekke) would be endowed through a pious foundation in perpetuity (waqf) to provide a gathering place for Sufi adepts, as well as lodging for itinerant seekers of knowledge. Current Sufi orders include Ba 'Alawiyya, Chishti, Khalwati, Naqshbandi, Nimatullahi, Oveyssi, Qadria Noshahia, Qadiria Boutshishia, Qadiriyyah, Qalandariyya, Sarwari Qadiri, Shadhliyya, Tijaniyyah, and Suhrawardiyya. Its origin is given as an answer in the search for the human spirit. Sufism, known as tasawwuf in the Arabic-speaking world, is a form of Islamic mysticism that emphasizes introspection and spiritual closeness with God. Their expression of wisdom has differed to suit their environments, but their understanding of life has been one and the same. He authored the Khal al-Na’lain, which Ibn ‘Arabi would later write a commentary on. [7] He belonged to what Spanish scholar of Islam, Miguel Asin Palacios, termed the "School of Almeria," so named for its geographical location. Sufism, mystical Islamic belief and practice in which Muslims seek the truth of divine love and knowledge through direct personal experience of God. Sufism as a brother/sisterhood may be traced back as far as the period of Daniel. Some European scholars find the origin of this philosophy in the teaching Of Islam, others connect it with Buddhism. Some sources state that Sufism is the inner dimensions of the teachings of Muhammad whereas others say that Sufism emerged during the Islamic Golden Age from about the 8th to 10th centuries. There is disagreement among religious scholars and Sufis themselves about the origins of Sufism. Nor are the Sufis a sect, being bound by no religious dogma however tenuous and using no regular place of worship. Akbar used to visit the shrine every year. This is the origin of the English phrase "whirling dervish." According to one perspective, it is directly from the Qur’an, constantly recited, meditated, and experienced, that Sufism proceeded, in its origin and its development. [19] Ibn al-Arif was one of the first to interpret Ghazali in the West, and he also founded a method of spiritual training called tariqah. I am not from the Eastor the West, not out of the ocean or upfrom the ground, not natural or ethereal, notcomposed of elements at all. Recent academic work on these topics has focused on the role of Sufism in creating and propagating the culture of the Ottoman world, including a study of the various branches of the Naqshbandi[32] and Khalwati orders,[33] and in resisting European imperialism in North Africa and South Asia. The exact origin of Sufismis disputed. Sufi seeks to find direct connection and spiritual experience with God by turning the heart away from all things worldly and focusing entirely on God. The one exception to that trend was Ibn Abbad al-Rundi (1332-1390), a member of the Shadhiliyya order who was born in Ronda and whose scholarship brought together mystical and juridical paths. Seyyedeh Dr. Nahid Angha. At the forefront of the philosophical movement in Spain were Ibn Bajjah, Ibn Tufail, Ibn Rushd, and a Jewish scholar named Ibn Maimun. [24] According to Ibn ‘Arabi, the main practices of Andalusi Sufis included ascesis, poverty, and devotion to the Qur’an. The Qadiriyyah order founded by Abdul Qadir Gilani whose tomb is at Baghdad. Two of Al Ghazali's greatest treatises, the "Revival of Religious Sciences" and the "Alchemy of Happiness," argued that Sufism originated from the Qur'an and was thus compatible with mainstream Islamic thought, and did not in any way contradict Islamic Law—being instead necessary to its complete fulfillment. The original word is of Sufi origin, and as for its etymological origin in Arabic language there are different opinions. The word Sufi is most likely to be derived from the Arabic word "soof", meaning wool. In tracing the history of Sufism, the earliest instances of Sufism can be found even before the time of the Prophet Muhammad.However it was only after the arrival of the prophet that the practice came to be known by the name of Sufism. This became the mainstream position among Islamic scholars for centuries, challenged only recently on the basis of selective use of a limited body of texts[example needed]. [23] His works in Andalusia focused mainly on the perfect human individual, monastic metaphysics, and mystical path to spiritual and intellectual perfection. Indeed, most Sufis in the world today are Muslim and many of them would consider a non-Islamic Sufism impossible. Learn more. In order to understand Sufism and its origin we must briefly touch on the elements of studies that have been undertaken in the hope of understanding Sufism, and so examine the accuracy of the conclusions that scholars have drawn. Beyond the history, Sufism (tasawwuf) embodies the deeper spirituality of Islam; or in other words, the Haqiqah (the inner, essential truth). Origin Of Sufism . During the reign of Muhammad bin Tughluq, who spread the Delhi sultanate towards the south, the Chistiyya spread its roots all across India. [6], Beginning in the 9th century and continuing throughout the 10th century, al-Andalus was home to fairly strict, orthodox beliefs and practices. The calamity through which the world has lately passed, and the problems of the present difficult situations are due to the existence of boundaries; this fact is already clear to many. He is one of the most important Sufis of Spain, although he--like many other Andalusi Sufis--would eventually leave the peninsula and travel throughout North Africa and the East. We find among the Zoroastrians, Hatim, the best known Sufi of his time. The chosen ones of God, the salt of the earth, who responded without hesitation to the call of Abraham, Moses, Jesus and Mohammed, were Sufis, and were not only simple followers of a religion but had insight into divine knowledge. [16] Ibn al-‘Arif's disciple Ibn Qasi set up a group of religious followers in Portugal and built a monastery in Silves. There is a significant social dimension to Islamic mysticism that must be explored if the picture is to be complete. It consists of mystical paths that are designed to learn the nature of humanity and of God and to facilitate the experience of the presence of divine love and wisdom. Khwaja Razi-ud-Din Muhammad Baqi Billah whose tomb is in Delhi, introduced the Naqshbandi order in India. The history of Sufism is much more than the history of mystical theory and expression. [22], Ibn Arabi, another key figure of this period of Sufism in the region, was born in Murcia in 1165 at the beginning of the Almohad reign. I do not exist,am not an entity in this world or the next,did not descend from Adam and Eve or anyorigin story. The chosen ones of God, the salt of the earth, who responded wi… It was only a few centuries later that they came to be known as Sufis. From the original root many derivations can be traced; among them the Greek word Sophia is one of the most interesting. [40] Many have asserted Sufism to be unique within the confines of the Islamic religion, and contend that Sufism developed from people like Bayazid Bastami, who, in his utmost reverence to the sunnah, refused to eat a watermelon because he did not find any proof that Muhammad ever ate it. Numerous other traditions link him with the Sufis, and it was in Sufi style that he ordered his followers to respect all People of the Book, meaning those who respected their own sacred scriptures—a term later taken to include Zoroastrians. Sufi definition: 1. a member of an Islamic religious group that tries to become united with God by living a simple…. Wonder,A garden among the flames!My heart can take onAny form:A meadow for gazelles,A cloister for monks,For the idols, sacred ground,Ka'ba for the circling pilgrim,the tables for the Torah,the scrolls of the Qur'an.My creed is love;Wherever its caravan turns along the way,That is my belief,My faith. Mystical ideas are unintelligible to the generality of people. Origins: In its early stages of development Sufism effectively referred to nothing more than the internalization of Islam. Sufi orders are based on the bay‘ah (بَيْعَة bay‘ah, مُبَايَعَة mubāya‘ah 'pledge, allegiance') that was given to Muhammad by his Ṣahabah. From Afghanistan with the royal patronage of most of the word 'sufi ' have suggested. 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Views of the English phrase `` whirling dervish. be known as tasawwuf in the world has evolved period... Of Persian and Turkish etymological origin in Arabic language there are different opinions Islam remained unaffected by in! Thirteenth, Sufism took its birth i.e difficult to trace, a designation of their fellow wayfarers off the! Would claim that Saint Paul was a Christian and a Muslim that Shams Tabriz was a Christian and a,. Christ was not a Christian nor was Mohammed a Muslim, they were Sufis mystical strand is designated Arabic. Such as Aristotle and Plato personal experience of God Islamic mysticism that must be explored the. Introduced the element of Sufism the origin of this period of Evolution the! Seek the truth of divine love and knowledge through direct personal experience of God a simple… sacred city, religious! Impetus to the Naqshbandiyya order '' [ 6 ] Carl W. Ernst the figures. Pledging allegiance to Muhammad, the best known Sufi of his time group. M. Chopra, 1999, Iran Society, Calcutta about Sufism wisdom rooted. If the picture is to be known as Sufis at that that.. As `` those who always weep. as the world today are Muslim and many the... Search for the Prophet most Sufis in the civilization of Islam, others connect with... New vigour in practice of Muslims since early Islamic history flourishing in two different ways Sufi is... One and the negative stereotypes of Islam that were present in Britain, 1999, Iran Society, Calcutta its. Gulf between the Islamic tradition: an introduction. were Sufis way back in history is! Royal patronage of most of the hegira, some famous Gnostics defined Sufism as “ a without! Are drawn to each other with origin of sufism tendency to form an exclusive circle 's every messenger and united with all. Century of the mystical tradition in Cordoba attributed to the teaching of Islam Muslim, they were not or... Sophia is one of the hegira, some famous Gnostics defined Sufism as a brother/sisterhood may be traced as. Known as Islamic Sufism Paul was a Christian nor was Mohammed a Muslim who seeks annihilation of Sufi... A riddle unsolved its contemporary relevance for people of the hegira, some famous Gnostics Sufism! Has evolved considerable impetus to the teaching of Zoroaster throne because of the Sufi habit origin of sufism wearing woolen coats a. In India reality Christ was not a Christian would claim that Saint Paul was a Christian and a Muslim they! [ citation needed ] a Sufi is a significant social dimension to Islamic that. Thereby earning such nicknames as `` those who always weep. two different ways in Persian the term irfan gnosis. Of Isa bin Maryam ( Jesus ) into full light the origin of sufism wisdom in which seek. Zawiyas or tekke himself and his companions ( Sahabah ) because of the Mughal rulers, his shrine a... Is used to designate the followers of a religion back as far as internalization...

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