For those seeking local fibres and cloth one has to look no further than our nearest neighbours – France, Belgium and Eastern European countries where the flax processing and growing still thrives. The primary source of Omega-3 fatty acids. USDA Zones— 4 – 10. Frost tolerant. Flax is a fibre plant and generally grown for its stem to make rope or linen. These spikes are arranged from coarse to medium to fine. We sell this omega-3 rich oil across the UK and Europe Flax is an annual plant that produces long, strong fibres that have been used to make linen textiles for at least 8,000 years. The long fibres are called line and they are spun on a drop spindle or a spinning wheel. Flax is grown in many parts of the world, but top quality flax is primarily grown in Western European countries and Ukraine. 0.5 Flax grown commercially, from William Salmon, Botanologia (London, 1710-1711) 51 0.6 Flax brake, from Louis Crommelin, An Essay Towards Improving the Hempen and Flaxen Manufactures (Dublin, 1705) 52 0.7 Author using eighteenth- or nineteenth-century brake 52 Fibre flax - Rediscover Britain’s Forgotten Crop   S Cooper 2009 (note: modern day grain storage top right). At a minimum, Flax needs 6 hours of direct sunlight per day. In addition to referring to the plant itself, the word "flax" may refer to the unspun fibers of the flax plant. Flaxseed, also known as linseed, today are grown in the UK solely for the value of its seed content. Typically one may be aware that in the past linseed fed to cattle created a glossy coat, it is great for oiling cricket bats, made into paints and what child of the 1950’s doesn’t recall linoleum floor coverings?  Linen, which granny talked about with reverence when using and preparing high quality linen bed sheets and tablecloths, was highly regarded. At one time flax growing and processing was an important industry, the growing of crops to spin into yarn for cloth and cordage is rapidly becoming a forgotten craft in the UK. Flax, plant of the family Linaceae, cultivated both for its fiber, from which linen is made, and for its nutritious seeds, from which linseed oil is obtained. Featured Buildings: Norfolk Flax Limited The flax used in the production of Irish linen has not been grown in Ireland, on a true commercial basis, since the early 1960’s and before. These “bast” fibres run from the root to the tip of the plant and will eventually become linen cloth. The stems are then ‘retted’ in water to allow the undesirable woody bark and core of the plant to separate more easily from the fibres, by dissolving the pectin that binds the different parts of the plant together. The oil flax stem is shorter compared to the fiber flax, it is branched, sometimes even from the base. Companions. Hardy. By the 1700’s the growing and processing of flax for cordage and cloth had developed into an industry, numerous water mills were involved in flax production throughout England, Ireland and Scotland. Over time and with selective breeding the varieties of flax are now grown either for the seed as the primary crop, or longer stem varieties primarily grown for their fibre production. The seed pods that follow the flowers are also very decorative, and flax drying in stooks provides great interest and architectural beauty. It is sometimes used for animal feed or linseed oil, but we use the stem fibres to produce linen fibre. 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